Congenital heart disease is an issue found in the structure of the heart by birth. It is also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart defect. Congenital heart disease in infants symptoms and treatments depend on the type of problem in the heart which causes the disease.
Symptoms can vary from none to life-threatening. Let have a closer look into the symptoms.
Congenital heart disease in infants symptoms
Signs and symptoms cyanotic heart disease depends on type and severity of the heart defect. Usually, symptoms will start to show in early stages itself, but there are possibilities for some this heart disease to go undetected also.
Some visible symptoms are:
- Over sweating.
- Tiredness and fatigue.
- Poor feeding and malnutrition.
- rapid heartbeat and breathing.
- Shortness of breath.
- Chest pain.
- Bluish skin (cyanosis)
Congenital heart defects cause abnormal heart structure which causes productions of certain sounds from the heart, this is called heart murmur. however, not all heart murmurs are caused by congenital heart defects, it one among the symptoms.
Congenital heart failure diagnosis and treatment
We can identify the disease by close analysis of the symptoms. Apart from that x-ray and ECG can also be used for the disease diagnosis. And for accurate diagnosis echocardiogram is needed. An echocardiogram (also know as echo) is a type of ultrasound test. It uses a device called transducer for sending high-pitched sound waves.
The device picks up echoes of the sound waves as they bounce off from different parts of the heart. In this way, an echocardiogram can be used for an accurate diagnosis of Congenital heart disease.
Sometimes congenital heart disease will improve without any treatments. Other defects are not much serious that they do not require any treatments. Most of the time cyanotic heart diseases are serious and requires surgery or medications depending on the type and severity.