Today cancer has become one among the leading causes of death worldwide. It is responsible for about 8.8 million deaths in 2015, And have grown significantly by then. Treatment options for cancer include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill the cancer cell. But most of us are unaware of the side effects of chemotherapy cancer treatment.
Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells by targeting rapidly dividing cells. But during the process, it not only targets cancer infected cells, but normal cells are also most likely to be damaged, which include blood-forming cells in the bone marrow, hair follicles, and cells in the mouth, digestive tract, and reproductive system. Certain chemo drugs can also damage cells in the heart, kidneys, bladder, lungs and nervous system.
Damage to healthy cells made by chemotherapy drugs causes side effects. Side effects may not seem as bad as you might expect. Let’s some of them.
Side effects of chemotherapy cancer treatment
During chemotherapy treatment, patients might experience fatigue and general weakness. Patients may feel like they don’t have any energy and are tired all the time. This persistent exhaustion and weakness can make it hard to do everyday activities. In some patients, chemotherapy can lead to anemia, and low red blood cell counts, which can worsen the fatigue.
Fatigue is the most common side effect of chemotherapy cancer treatment. Doctors estimate that 9 out of 10 people experience fatigue during chemo treatment. Fatigue from treatment can appear suddenly and can be overwhelming. Surprisingly, Taking rest doesn’t ease the fatigue, it can last for months ever after treatment ends.
2. Nausea and Vomiting
Another common side effect of chemotherapy is nausea and vomiting. As said before, chemotherapy damages healthy cells as well, Nausea and vomiting mainly occur as a result of the damage to healthy cells in the stomach and intestinal lining.
We recommend that you consult with your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms:
- Vomiting more than 4 or 5 times in a day.
- Stomach seems swelling or painful before you vomit.
- Vomiting continues even after taking anti-nausea medicine
If you vomit after starting the chemo treatment, talk to your doctor. You may be able to switch medications accordingly. Antinausea medications are given along with chemotherapy drugs to help alleviate the symptom.